A role for the biological clock in liver cancer

Gianluigi Mazzoccoli, Luca Miele, Giuseppe Marrone, Tommaso Mazza, Manlio Vinciguerra, Antonio Grieco

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

The biological clock controls at the molecular level several aspects of mammalian physiology, by regulating daily oscillations of crucial biological processes such as nutrient metabolism in the liver. Disruption of the circadian clock circuitry has recently been identified as an independent risk factor for cancer and classified as a potential group 2A carcinogen to humans. Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the prevailing histological type of primary liver cancer, one of the most important causes of cancer-related death worldwide. HCC onset and progression is related to B and C viral hepatitis, alcoholic and especially non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD)-related milieu of fibrosis, cirrhosis, and chronic inflammation. In this review, we recapitulate the state-of-the-art knowledge on the interplay between the biological clock and the oncogenic pathways and mechanisms involved in hepatocarcinogenesis. Finally, we propose how a deeper understanding of circadian clock circuitry–cancer pathways’ crosstalk is promising for developing new strategies for HCC prevention and management.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1778
JournalCancers
Volume11
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2019

Fingerprint

Biological Clocks
Liver Neoplasms
Hepatocellular Carcinoma
Circadian Clocks
Fibrosis
Alcoholic Hepatitis
Biological Phenomena
Hepatitis C
Carcinogens
Neoplasms
Inflammation
Food
Liver

Keywords

  • Chronotherapy
  • Circadian clock
  • Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

Cite this

A role for the biological clock in liver cancer. / Mazzoccoli, Gianluigi; Miele, Luca; Marrone, Giuseppe; Mazza, Tommaso; Vinciguerra, Manlio; Grieco, Antonio.

In: Cancers, Vol. 11, No. 11, 1778, 11.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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AU - Grieco, Antonio

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N2 - The biological clock controls at the molecular level several aspects of mammalian physiology, by regulating daily oscillations of crucial biological processes such as nutrient metabolism in the liver. Disruption of the circadian clock circuitry has recently been identified as an independent risk factor for cancer and classified as a potential group 2A carcinogen to humans. Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the prevailing histological type of primary liver cancer, one of the most important causes of cancer-related death worldwide. HCC onset and progression is related to B and C viral hepatitis, alcoholic and especially non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD)-related milieu of fibrosis, cirrhosis, and chronic inflammation. In this review, we recapitulate the state-of-the-art knowledge on the interplay between the biological clock and the oncogenic pathways and mechanisms involved in hepatocarcinogenesis. Finally, we propose how a deeper understanding of circadian clock circuitry–cancer pathways’ crosstalk is promising for developing new strategies for HCC prevention and management.

AB - The biological clock controls at the molecular level several aspects of mammalian physiology, by regulating daily oscillations of crucial biological processes such as nutrient metabolism in the liver. Disruption of the circadian clock circuitry has recently been identified as an independent risk factor for cancer and classified as a potential group 2A carcinogen to humans. Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the prevailing histological type of primary liver cancer, one of the most important causes of cancer-related death worldwide. HCC onset and progression is related to B and C viral hepatitis, alcoholic and especially non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD)-related milieu of fibrosis, cirrhosis, and chronic inflammation. In this review, we recapitulate the state-of-the-art knowledge on the interplay between the biological clock and the oncogenic pathways and mechanisms involved in hepatocarcinogenesis. Finally, we propose how a deeper understanding of circadian clock circuitry–cancer pathways’ crosstalk is promising for developing new strategies for HCC prevention and management.

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