A second locus mapping to 2q35-36 for familial pseudohyperkalaemia

Massimo Carella, Adamo Pio d'Adamo, Sabine Grootenboer-Mignot, Marie C. Vantyghem, Laura Esposito, Angela D'Eustacchio, Romina Ficarella, Gordon W. Stewart, Paolo Gasparini, Jean Delaunay, Achille Iolascon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Familial pseudohyperkalaemia (FP) is a symptomless, dominantly inherited red cell trait, which shows a 'passive leak' of K+ cations into the plasma upon storage of blood at room temperature (or below). There are no haematological abnormalities. The loss of K+ is due to a change in the temperature dependence of the leak. The Scottish case initially described, FP Edinburgh, maps to 16q23-qter. Here we studied a large kindred of Flemish descent with FP, termed FP Lille, which was phenotypically identical to the Edinburgh FP. In FP Lille, however, the responsible locus mapped to 2q35-36, with a Lod score of 8.46 for marker D2S1338. We infer that FP Edinburgh and FP Lille, although they are phenocopies of one another, stem from two distinct loci, FP1 (16q23-qter) and FP2 (2q35-36), respectively. This duality hints at the possibility that the protein mediating the leak might be a heterodimer. No mutation was found in three plausibly candidate genes: the KCNE4 gene, the TUBA1 gene and a predicted gene located in genomic contig NT_005403.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1073-1076
Number of pages4
JournalEuropean Journal of Human Genetics
Volume12
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2004

Keywords

  • 2q35-36
  • Erythrocytes
  • Pseudohyperkalaemia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics(clinical)

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    Carella, M., d'Adamo, A. P., Grootenboer-Mignot, S., Vantyghem, M. C., Esposito, L., D'Eustacchio, A., Ficarella, R., Stewart, G. W., Gasparini, P., Delaunay, J., & Iolascon, A. (2004). A second locus mapping to 2q35-36 for familial pseudohyperkalaemia. European Journal of Human Genetics, 12(12), 1073-1076. https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.ejhg.5201280