Paroxysmal kinesigenic choreoathetosis (PKC) is a rare paroxysmal movement disorder characterized by recurrent and brief attacks of choreiform or dystonic movements triggered or exacerbated by sudden voluntary movements. Some patients with PKC also have a history of infantile afebrile convulsions. PKC can be sporadic, or familial with autosomal dominant inheritance. PKC has been mapped to the pericentromeric region of human chromosome 16 in several Japanese families and in an African-American family, to regions which overlap by 9.8 cM (centiMorgan). Both regions overlap by 3.4 cM with a region containing a gene responsible for 'infantile convulsions and paroxysmal choreoathetosis' (ICCA). We have identified a second PKC locus (EKD2) on the long arm of chromosome 16 in a large Indian family with PKC. A maximum two-point LOD score of 3.66 (recombination fraction = 0.00, penetrance = 0.80) was obtained between PKC and D16S419. Haplotype and recombinant analysis localized EKD2 to a 15.8 cM region between D16S685 and D16S503. This region does not overlap with that identified in Japanese families, or with the ICCA locus. These results exclude one locus on chromosome 16 which causes both the ICCA and PKC syndromes; this suggests that there may be a cluster of genes on human chromosome 16 which lead to paroxysmal disorders.
|Number of pages||6|
|Publication status||Published - 2000|
- Chromosome 16
- Linkage studies
- Paroxysmal dyskinesia
- Paroxysmal kinesigenic choreoathetosis
ASJC Scopus subject areas