It has been demonstrated that patients showing symptoms of chronic bacterial prostatitis but culture-negative prostate-specific specimens can benefit from administration of antibacterial agents. This suggests that organisms that are not isolated in the routine practice may be responsible for prostate infection in an undefined fraction of subjects. Anaerobic bacteria have been proposed to play a pathogenic role in CBP, on the basis of studies describing clinical remission after eradication of pathogens like Peptostreptococcus spp or Bacterioides spp from prostatic secretions of symptomatic patients, or the significant association between prostatic infection by anaerobes and the presence of inflammation markers in prostatic secretions.In this paper, we report in detail a case of severely symptomatic chronic prostatitis in a patient with evidence of infection by Peptostreptococcus. We also report for the first time that treatment with the 3rd generation fluoroquinolone moxifloxacin was successful in eradicating the pathogen and in causing dramatic resolution of signs and symptoms of chronic bacterial prostatitis.The strict association between eradication of Peptostreptococcus and the rapid disappearance of clinical signs/symptoms points to a causative role of this anaerobe in the chronic bacterial prostatitis case described in this report.
- Anaerobic bacteria
- Chronic bacterial prostatitis
- Chronic pelvic pain syndrome
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Infectious Diseases