A Short Review of the Non-invasive Transcutaneous Pericranial Electrical Stimulation Techniques and their Application in Headache

Licia Grazzi, Emanuela Sansone, Paul Rizzoli

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose of Review: In this short review, the most common non-invasive neuromodulatory techniques will be described, along with their advantages and disadvantages and their application in headache. Available preventive treatments can be unhelpful or may have unpleasant side effects; moreover, the rate of response to preventive drugs does not exceed 50%, lower in chronic migraine; alternative options would be welcome. Though the concept of neuromodulation was originally developed with invasive methods, newer non-invasive techniques are appearing. Recent Findings: The novel neuromodulatory techniques have been developed with encouraging results: compared with traditional pharmacotherapy, advantages of non-invasive neuromodulation include reduced incidence of adverse effects, improved adherence, and safety and ease of use. The results are encouraging for acute or preventive treatment of different kinds of headache. Summary: A variety of neuromodulatory approaches is expanding fastly and has opened new possibilities for treatment of patients suffering from many forms of headache, especially those who have failed traditional pharmacotherapy. The non-invasive treatments can be seen as supplementing traditional management in refractory patients. Current study results are encouraging but preliminary and larger and more rigorous trials are needed to clarify benefit and mode of action.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4
JournalCurrent Pain and Headache Reports
Volume22
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2018

Fingerprint

Transcutaneous Electric Nerve Stimulation
Headache
Drug Therapy
Therapeutics
Migraine Disorders
Safety
Incidence
Pharmaceutical Preparations

Keywords

  • Central non-invasive neurostimulation
  • Cluster headache
  • Migraine
  • Peripheral non-invasive neurostimulation
  • Transcutaneous pericranial electrical stimulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

Cite this

A Short Review of the Non-invasive Transcutaneous Pericranial Electrical Stimulation Techniques and their Application in Headache. / Grazzi, Licia; Sansone, Emanuela; Rizzoli, Paul.

In: Current Pain and Headache Reports, Vol. 22, No. 1, 4, 01.01.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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