Purpose: Cancer-specific mortality (CSM) of patients with primary penile squamous cell carcinoma (PPSCC) may be quite variable. Recently, a nomogram was developed to provide standardized and individualized mortality predictions. Unfortunately, it relies on a large number (n = 8) of specific variables that are unavailable in routine clinical practice. We attempted to develop a simpler prediction rule with at least equal accuracy in predicting CSM after surgical removal of PPSCC. Experimental Design: The predictive rule was developed on a cohort of 856 patients identified in the 1988 to 2004 Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) database. The predictors consisted of age, race, SEER stage (localized versus regional versus metastatic), tumor grade, type of surgery (excisional biopsy, partial penectomy, and radical penectomy), and of lymph node status (pN0 versus pN1-3 versus pN x). A look-up table based on Cox regression model-derived coefficients was used for prediction of 5-year CSM. The predictive rule accuracy was tested using the Harrell's modification of the area under the receiver operating characteristics curve. Results: SEER stage and histologic grade achieved independent predictor status and qualified for inclusion in the model. The model achieved 73.8% accuracy for prediction of CSM at 5 years after surgery. Both predictors achieved independent predictor status in competing risk regression models addressing CSM, where other cause mortality was controlled for. Conclusion: Despite equivalent accuracy, our predictive rule predicting 5-year CSM in patients with PPSCC is substantially less complex (2 versus 8 variables) than the previously published model.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research