Interphotoreceptor retinoid-binding protein (IRBP) is the major protein component of the interphotoreceptor matrix. IRBP has a highly restricted tissue-specific expression in retinal photoreceptor cells and in a subgroup of pinealocytes. With the purpose of understanding how transcriptional regulation contributes to the expression of human IRBP, we have studied a short promoter fragment (from -123 to +18, relative to the transcription start site). We demonstrate, by analysis of the expression of the lacZ reporter gene fused to this short promoter fragment in transgenic mice, that it is sufficient to confer tissue-specific expression in retinal photoreceptors and in pinealocytes. DNA/protein binding assays, performed to identify binding sites for tissue-specific trans-acting factors, have shown that an element between -45 and -58 binds a factor present only in nuclear extracts of retinoblastoma-derived cell lines, which express IRBP. An element further upstream, between -86 and -106, binds apparently ubiquitous factors. Site-directed mutagenesis was performed to disrupt a GATTAA motif included in the -45 to -58 binding site and a second inverted GATTAA motif present shortly upstream. In transgenic mice bearing the mutated version of the promoter fragment, the expression of the reporter gene was completely abolished, thus suggesting that this element is essential for tissue-specific expression. A GATTAA motif appears in the 5′-flanking regions of several photoreceptor-specific genes, suggesting that this could be the recognition site for a photoreceptor-specific factor.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 20 1995|
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