BACKGROUND: Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a very common chronic inflammatory and eczematous skin condition characterized by flares and remissions. Skin barrier alteration or dysfunction is the most relevant patogenetic factor. Topical corticosteroids are the mainstay treatment of AD, especially during flare periods. The daily use of emollients and moisturizers is also considered a relevant adjunctive strategy to improve skin barrier function and skin appearance in AD patients. Long-term use of topical corticosteroids is associated with important drawbacks and side effects. A corticosteroid-free cream containing starch, glycyrretinic acid, zinc oxide and bisabolol (Dermamid™; Difa Cooper, Caronno Pertusella, Varese, Italy) has been designed for the treatment of acute eczematous conditions like diaper dermatitis. However, this formulation could be particularly suitable also for AD. We evaluated in a three-center, assessor-blinded prospective 6-week treatment trial the efficacy and tolerability of this cream in children with chronic mild-to-moderate atopic dermatitis. METHODS: A total of 30 children (mean age 5 years, 18 males and 12 females) with chronic mild to moderate AD, affecting face, lower and upper limbs or trunk, were enrolled after parents' written informed consent. Exclusion criteria were a condition of immunosuppression, acute flares or a positive history of allergy to one of the components of the cream. The primary outcome was the evolution total eczema severity score (TESS) calculated as the sum of the single eczema severity score for each body area involved. Single area Eczema Severity Score (ESS) was calculated assessing eczema, infiltration, lichenification and scraching lesions using a 4-point scale grade (with 0=no sign, and 4=severe sign). A secondary endpoint was the percentage of subjects reaching at least 50% of TESS reduction at week 6 in comparison with baseline. The TESS was evaluated at baseline and after 3 and 6 weeks of treatment (twice daily application) in an assessor-blind fashion. RESULTS: At baseline the mean (SD) TESS was 11.6 (4.7). TESS was reduced significantly (P=0.0001) to 5.7 (3) after 3 weeks (-51%), and to 3.0 (2.3) at week 6 (-74%). Similar reductions were observed for single area ESS values. The percentage of subjects with at least a >50% reduction of TESS value at the end of the study was 87%. The product was very well tolerated. Only for one patient a mild burning sensation at the application site was reported. All the subjects concluded the trial. CONCLUSIONS: This trial supports the efficacy and the tolerability of a corticosteroid-free cream containing starch, glycyrretinic acid and bisabolol in the treatment of chronic mild to moderate atopic dermatitis in children.
- Atopic-Skin cream-Administration
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health