A telemedicine meditation intervention for people with multiple sclerosis and their caregivers: Study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

Cesare Cavalera, Francesco Pagnini, Marco Rovaris, Laura Mendozzi, Luigi Pugnetti, Massimo Garegnani, Enrico Molinari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Mindfulness-based interventions, modified and shortened versions of meditation teachings, have proved to be effective in the improvement of quality of life in many clinical conditions, including chronic diseases. Preliminary results available in the literature and in clinical experience indicate a high potential for this treatment for the reduction of psychological suffering in people with chronic diseases. Methods/Design: This randomized controlled trial will investigate the impact of a multiple sclerosis (MS) specific telemedicine meditation intervention on the quality of life of people with multiple sclerosis and their caregivers. This trial will recruit 120 patients, men and women, with a diagnosis of relapsing-remitting or secondary progressive MS and their caregivers to participate in a 2-month intervention. Patients will undergo assessments of quality of life, anxiety, depression, quality of sleep, mindfulness and fatigue levels conducted at baseline, at week 8 (conclusion of the intervention) and at week 27 (6 months follow-up). Caregivers will complete assessments conducted at the same time for the same areas, plus caregiver burden. The intervention condition will consist of 2 hours/week of online meditation in a group setting led by a trainer, plus 1 hour/week of individual exercises. The control condition will incorporate a psycho-education online program and will require the same contact time commitment as the intervention condition. Discussion: Primary outcome measures will consist of assessments of quality of life, anxiety, and depression level. Assessments of mindfulness level, quality of sleep and fatigue level will be considered secondary outcome measures. This investigation will increase understanding of the role of meditation as part of a treatment plan for people with MS and their caregivers. Overall, this study design has the potential to lead to effective meditation intervention strategies for this population and improve their quality of life. Trial registration: Clinical Trials Register NCT02364505. https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT02364505

Original languageEnglish
Article number4
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 4 2016


  • Meditation
  • Mindfulness
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Telemedicine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Pharmacology (medical)


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