A three-year diagnostic and epidemiological study on viral infantile diarrhoea in Rome

G. Donelli, F. M. Ruggeri, A. Tinari, M. L. Marziano, D. Menichella, D. Caione, C. Concato, G. Rocchi, S. Vella

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Rotavirus infection was demonstrated in 168 (29.3%) of 573 children hospitalized for acute diarrhoea in Rome between January 1982 and December 1984. Laboratory diagnosis of these infections was made by transmission electron microscopy and enzyme immunoassay techniques with an overall agreemkent of 91.3%. Astroviruses, adenoviruses and small round viruses were detected in the faeces of 36 patients (6.4%). Whereas in 1982 rotavirus positive patients were clustered in the winter and following spring, in the following years cases were recorded all year round. The median age of patients with rotavirus infections was 17, 10 and 11.5 months in 1982, 1983 and 1984, respectively. In addition, a smaller number of rotavirus positive cases were admitted in 1983 when compared to those admitted during the previous as well as the subsequent years. It is suggested that a herd immunity was induced in the population by epidemic spread of rotavirus in the first half of 1982.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)311-320
Number of pages10
JournalEpidemiology and Infection
Volume100
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1988

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Infantile Diarrhea
Rotavirus
Rotavirus Infections
Epidemiologic Studies
Herd Immunity
Laboratory Infection
Hospitalized Child
Clinical Laboratory Techniques
Transmission Electron Microscopy
Immunoenzyme Techniques
Adenoviridae
Feces
Diarrhea
Viruses
Population

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Donelli, G., Ruggeri, F. M., Tinari, A., Marziano, M. L., Menichella, D., Caione, D., ... Vella, S. (1988). A three-year diagnostic and epidemiological study on viral infantile diarrhoea in Rome. Epidemiology and Infection, 100(2), 311-320.

A three-year diagnostic and epidemiological study on viral infantile diarrhoea in Rome. / Donelli, G.; Ruggeri, F. M.; Tinari, A.; Marziano, M. L.; Menichella, D.; Caione, D.; Concato, C.; Rocchi, G.; Vella, S.

In: Epidemiology and Infection, Vol. 100, No. 2, 1988, p. 311-320.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Donelli, G, Ruggeri, FM, Tinari, A, Marziano, ML, Menichella, D, Caione, D, Concato, C, Rocchi, G & Vella, S 1988, 'A three-year diagnostic and epidemiological study on viral infantile diarrhoea in Rome', Epidemiology and Infection, vol. 100, no. 2, pp. 311-320.
Donelli G, Ruggeri FM, Tinari A, Marziano ML, Menichella D, Caione D et al. A three-year diagnostic and epidemiological study on viral infantile diarrhoea in Rome. Epidemiology and Infection. 1988;100(2):311-320.
Donelli, G. ; Ruggeri, F. M. ; Tinari, A. ; Marziano, M. L. ; Menichella, D. ; Caione, D. ; Concato, C. ; Rocchi, G. ; Vella, S. / A three-year diagnostic and epidemiological study on viral infantile diarrhoea in Rome. In: Epidemiology and Infection. 1988 ; Vol. 100, No. 2. pp. 311-320.
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