We report on a case of a peculiar tumor of the pilosebaceous unit showing a composite histologic appearance. The case presented as a pigmented crusted lesion on the back of the nose of a 62-year-old woman with markedly sun-damaged skin. Histologically, the superficial portion of the neoplasm was composed of buds and nests of basaloid epithelium with varying degrees of pilar and sebaceous differentiation. Adjacent to this component, lobules of squamous cells with cytoplasmic glycogenation suggesting the mature outer root sheath were seen. In the underlying dermis, there was a well-defined nodular proliferation composed of variably pigmented basaloid matrical cells forming clusters of "shadow" or "ghost cells" admixed with numerous melanized dendritic melanocytes; this last component of the neoplasm was identical to a recently described entity, melanocytic matricoma. The small size, circumscription, and absence of necrosis favored benignity, although the cytologic atypia of matrical cells did not exclude malignancy. The case is interesting not only because it is the third reported case of a peculiar neoplasm imitating the epithelial-melanocytic interaction in the embryonal hair follicle or bulb of the anagen follicle but because the part resembling melanocytic matricoma presented as a component of a complex lesion. We believe that sunlight may have played a role in the development of this peculiar neoplasm.
- Composite adnexal tumor
- Epithelial-melanocytic interaction
- Melanocytic matricoma
- Pilosebaceous differentiation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine