A two-hit story: Seizures and genetic mutation interaction sets phenotype severity in SCN1A epilepsies

Ana Rita Salgueiro-Pereira, Fabrice Duprat, Paula A. Pousinha, Alexandre Loucif, Vincent Douchamps, Cristina Regondi, Marion Ayrault, Martine Eugie, Marion I. Stunault, Andrew Escayg, Romain Goutagny, Vadym Gnatkovsky, Carolina Frassoni, Hélène Marie, Ingrid Bethus, Massimo Mantegazza

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

SCN1A (NaV1.1 sodium channel) mutations cause Dravet syndrome (DS) and GEFS+ (which is in general milder), and are risk factors in other epilepsies. Phenotypic variability limits precision medicine in epilepsy, and it is important to identify factors that set phenotype severity and their mechanisms. It is not yet clear whether SCN1A mutations are necessary for the development of severe phenotypes or just for promoting seizures. A relevant example is the pleiotropic R1648H mutation that can cause either mild GEFS+ or severe DS. We used a R1648H knock-in mouse model (Scn1aRH/+) with mild/asymptomatic phenotype to dissociate the effects of seizures and of the mutation per se. The induction of short repeated seizures, at the age of disease onset for Scn1a mouse models (P21), had no effect in WT mice, but transformed the mild/asymptomatic phenotype of Scn1aRH/+ mice into a severe DS-like phenotype, including frequent spontaneous seizures and cognitive/behavioral deficits. In these mice, we found no major modifications in cytoarchitecture or neuronal death, but increased excitability of hippocampal granule cells, consistent with a pathological remodeling. Therefore, we demonstrate for our model that an SCN1A mutation is a prerequisite for a long term deleterious effect of seizures on the brain, indicating a clear interaction between seizures and the mutation for the development of a severe phenotype generated by pathological remodeling. Applied to humans, this result suggests that genetic alterations, even if mild per se, may increase the risk of second hits to develop severe phenotypes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)31-44
Number of pages14
JournalNeurobiology of Disease
Volume125
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 1 2019

Keywords

  • Autism
  • Cognition
  • Dravet syndrome
  • Epileptogenesis
  • GEFS+
  • Precision medicine
  • Remodeling
  • Seizures

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology

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  • Cite this

    Salgueiro-Pereira, A. R., Duprat, F., Pousinha, P. A., Loucif, A., Douchamps, V., Regondi, C., Ayrault, M., Eugie, M., Stunault, M. I., Escayg, A., Goutagny, R., Gnatkovsky, V., Frassoni, C., Marie, H., Bethus, I., & Mantegazza, M. (2019). A two-hit story: Seizures and genetic mutation interaction sets phenotype severity in SCN1A epilepsies. Neurobiology of Disease, 125, 31-44. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nbd.2019.01.006