A unique cause of hemoperitoneum: Spontaneous rupture of a splenic hemangiopericytoma

Picozzi Stefano Carlo Maria, Massimo Mauri, Luca Carmignani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Non-traumatic hemoperitoneum may be catastrophic if it is not promptly diagnosed and treated. It is critical to identify this clinical picture and treat any active bleeding. We report the first case in the literature (to our knowledge) of spontaneous hemoperitoneum caused by a cystic splenic hemangiopericytoma. Hemangiopericytomas represent a small subset of soft tissue sarcomas. They rarely originate in the spleen as a primary tumor, with only ten cases having been previously described. The difficulty of predicting the prognosis and clinical behavior of these lesions has been repeatedly stressed. The literature concerning this rare and unusual neoplasm is reviewed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number13
JournalInternational Journal of Emergency Medicine
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Emergency Medicine


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