The receptor for the urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPAR) is a widely recognized master regulator of cell migration, and uPAR88-92 is the minimal sequence required to induce cell motility. We previously showed that soluble formsofuPARelicitangiogenic responses throughtheiruPAR 88-92 chemotactic sequenceandthat the synthetic peptide SRSRY exerts similar effects. By a drug design approach, based on the conformational analysis of the uPAR88-92 sequence, we developed peptides (pERERY, RERY, and RERF) that potently inhibit signaling triggered by uPAR88-92. In this study, we present evidence that these peptides are endowed also with a clear-cut antiangiogenic activity, although to different extents. The most active, RERF, prevents tube formation by human endothelial cells exposed to SRSRY. RERF also inhibits VEGF-triggered endothelial cell migration and cord-like formation in a dose-dependentmanner, starting in the femtomolar range. RERF prevents F-actin polymerization, recruitment of αvβ3 integrin at focal adhesions, and αvβ3/VEGFR2 complex formation in endothelial cells exposed to VEGF. Atmolecular level, the inhibitory effect of RERF on VEGF signaling is shown by the decreased amount of phospho-FAK and phospho-Akt in VEGF-treated cells. In vivo, RERF prevents VEGF-dependent capillary sprouts originating from the host vessels that invaded angioreactors implanted in mice and neovascularization induced by subcorneal implantation of pellets containingVEGFin rabbits.Consistently, RERF reduced the growth and vascularization rate of tumors formed by HT1080 cells injected subcutaneously in the flanks of nude mice, indicating that RERF is a promising therapeutic agent for the control of diseases fuelled by excessive angiogenesis such as cancer.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research