A validated composite organ and hematologic response model for early assessment of treatment outcomes in light chain amyloidosis

Surbhi Sidana, Paolo Milani, Moritz Binder, Marco Basset, Nidhi Tandon, Andrea Foli, Angela Dispenzieri, Morie A. Gertz, Suzanne R. Hayman, Francis K. Buadi, Martha Q. Lacy, Prashant Kapoor, Nelson Leung, S. Vincent Rajkumar, Giampaolo Merlini, Giovanni Palladini, Shaji K. Kumar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Newly diagnosed AL amyloidosis patients were evaluated to develop a model for early assessment of treatment benefit at 6 months, integrating both hematologic (HR) and organ response (OR) assessment (testing cohort, Mayo: n = 473; validation cohort, Pavia: n = 575). Multiple OR were assessed as follows: All OR (AOR): response in all organs, mixed OR (MOR): response in some organs, no OR (NOR)]. AOR rates at 6 months improved with deepening HR; complete response (CR; 38%, 35%), very good partial response (VGPR; 30%, 26%), and partial response (PR; 16%, 21%), respectively. A composite HR/OR (CHOR) model was developed using incremental scoring based on hazard ratios with scores of 0–3 for HR (0—CR, 1—VGPR, 2—PR, 3—no response) and 0–2 for OR (0—AOR, 1—MOR, 2—NOR). Patients could be divided into two distinct CHOR groups (scores 0–3 and 4–5), with median OS in group 1 and group 2: Not reached vs. 34 months, p < 0.001 [Mayo] and 87 vs. 23 months, p < 0.001 [Pavia]. In conclusion, we developed a model that can assess multiple organs concurrently, and integrate both HR and OR assessments to determine early clinical benefit with treatment, which may be used as a surrogate end-point in trials and to compare outcomes with different therapies.

Original languageEnglish
Article number41
JournalBlood Cancer Journal
Volume10
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Oncology

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    Sidana, S., Milani, P., Binder, M., Basset, M., Tandon, N., Foli, A., Dispenzieri, A., Gertz, M. A., Hayman, S. R., Buadi, F. K., Lacy, M. Q., Kapoor, P., Leung, N., Rajkumar, S. V., Merlini, G., Palladini, G., & Kumar, S. K. (2020). A validated composite organ and hematologic response model for early assessment of treatment outcomes in light chain amyloidosis. Blood Cancer Journal, 10(4), [41]. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41408-020-0306-5