A validated model of disease progression in IgA nephropathy

Riccardo Magistroni, Luciana Furci, Marco Leonelli, Mario Masellis, Giulia Ligabue, Leonardo Lucchi, Antonio Lupo, Brigida Brezzi, Giovanni Gambaro, Luca Manganelli, Giada Pedrazzi, Marco Ricardi, Luisa Bormioli, Alberto Albertazzi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: IgA nephropathy (IgAN) is the most common primary glomerulonephritis in the general population. There is accumulating evidence that immunosuppressive treatment is efficacious in IgAN. However, it is critical to define appropriate indicators for this therapy especially in the wake of potentially deleterious side effects to immunosuppressives. Methods: This study retrospectively reviewed IgAN cases collected since 1981 to identify clinical and/or histological parameters for disease progression; 310 patients with biopsy proven IgAN, diagnosed from January 1981 to March 2004, were included. Results: We defined a clinical prognostic index (CPI) using multivariate analysis, which incorporated these clinical/histological parameters. Semiquantitative scores were assigned as follows: 2 points if creatinine (Cr) was >1.4 mg/dL, 1 point if proteinuria was >1 g/24 hr, 1 point if a patient was affected by hypertension, and 1 point if a patient was older than 30 yrs. Dividing our population into two groups (scores 0-2 = low CPI group; scores 3-5 = high CPI group), we demonstrated a significantly different 10-yr renal survival rate; in the low CPI group, renal survival since time of biopsy at 10 yrs was 91.7%; in the high CPI group the renal survival at 10 yrs was 35%. We validated the CPI in an independent sample from Verona (validation group) and demonstrated similar results for the CPI. Conclusions: The CPI is convenient to use for defining the risk of disease progression.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)32-40
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Nephrology
Volume19
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2006

Keywords

  • Corticosteroids
  • Cyclophosphamide
  • Histology
  • IgAN
  • Progression
  • Proteinuria

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology

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