Abacavir and warfarin modulate allosterically kinetics of NO dissociation from ferrous nitrosylated human serum heme-albumin

Paolo Ascenzi, Francesco Imperi, Massimo Coletta, Mauro Fasano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Human serum albumin (HSA) participates to heme scavenging, in turn HSA-heme binds gaseous diatomic ligands at the heme-Fe-atom. Here, the effect of abacavir and warfarin on denitrosylation kinetics of HSA-heme-Fe(II)-NO (i.e., koff) is reported. In the absence of drugs, the value of koff is (1.3 ± 0.2) × 10-4 s-1. Abacavir and warfarin facilitate NO dissociation from HSA-heme-Fe(II)-NO, the koff value increases to (8.6 ± 0.9) × 10-4 s-1. From the dependence of koff on the drug concentration, values of the dissociation equilibrium constant for the abacavir and warfarin binding to HSA-heme-Fe(II)-NO (i.e., K = (1.2 ± 0.2) × 10-3 M and (6.2 ± 0.7) × 10-5 M, respectively) were determined. The increase of koff values reflects the stabilization of the basic form of HSA-heme-Fe by ligands (e.g., abacavir and warfarin) that bind to Sudlow's site I. This event parallels the stabilization of the six-coordinate derivative of the HSA-heme-Fe(II)-NO atom. Present data highlight the allosteric modulation of HSA-heme-Fe(II) reactivity by heterotropic effectors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)686-691
Number of pages6
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - May 2 2008



  • Abacavir
  • Allostery
  • Drug-dependent denitrosylation kinetics
  • Ferrous nitrosylated human serum heme-albumin
  • Warfarin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Biophysics
  • Molecular Biology

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