Recently, the use of antiretroviral drug tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) is increased, thanks to the new co-formulation with doravirine, the availability of booster-free regimens, and its advantageous lipid-lowering effect. The aim of our study was to identify genetic markers that contribute to assess the risk of TDF-related renal toxicity. We have retrospectively investigated, in 179 HIV positive patients treated with TDF, the association between the main variants in ABCC2, ABCC4, and ABCC10 genes and four safety endpoints, three clinically relevant as renal outcomes and a higher tenofovir plasma concentration. In patients with an annual eGFR decline >5 mL/min/1.73 m2 a difference in genotype frequencies was observed for ABCC10 c.1875 + 526 G>A (3 subjects AA vs. 44 GG + GA, p = 0.045). In patients with an eGFR decrement >25%, plus a decline in GFR category and TDF discontinuation, a difference was observed for ABCC4 c.*38T>G (35 subjects TG + GG vs. 18 TT, p = 0.052). At univariate analysis OR was 1.39 [(95% CI 1.00–1.96) p = 0.054] and at multivariate analysis OR was 1.49 [(95% CI 1.00–2.22) p = 0.049]. The stronger associations were found between the tenofovir accumulation and ABCC4 c.*38T>G and c.3348G>A: the percentage of these patients was higher in the TG + GG (p = 0.011) and in the AA (p = 0.004) genotype, respectively. The logistic regression analysis confirmed these significant relationships. No significant association was observed in patients with eGFR < 60 mL/min/1.73m2 and with the studied ABCC2 polymorphisms. Our results show a major role for a combined determination of ABCC4/ABCC10 variants as an indicator of tenofovir toxicity in the clinical practice.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Medicine