Abdominal wall sonography: a pictorial review

Ferdinando Draghi, Giulio Cocco, Filippo Maria Richelmi, Cosima Schiavone

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


The anterior abdominal wall, which is composed of three layers (skin and adipose tissues; the myofascial layer; and the deep layer, consisting of the transversalis fascia, preperitoneal fat, and the parietal peritoneum), has many functions: containment, support and protection for the intraperitoneal contents, and involvement in movement and breathing. While hernias are often encountered and well reviewed in the literature, the other abdominal wall pathologies are less commonly described. In this pictorial review, we briefly discuss the normal anatomy of the anterior abdominal wall, describe the normal ultrasonographic anatomy, and present a wide range of pathologic abnormalities beyond hernias. Sonography emerges as the diagnostic imaging of first choice for assessing abdominal wall disorders, thus representing a valuable tool for ensuring appropriate management and limiting functional impairment.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Ultrasound
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2020


  • Abdominal wall
  • Abdominal wall sonography
  • Sonography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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