Ability of three lactic acid bacteria to grow in sessile mode and to inhibit biofilm formation of pathogenic bacteria

Z. Benmouna, F. Dalache, H. Zadi-Karam, N.-E. Karam, C. Vuotto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In this study, we explored the effect of three lactic acid bacteria (LAB), i.e. Enterococcus sp CM9, Enterococcus sp CM18 and Enterococcus faecium H3, and their supernatants, on seven biofilm-forming pathogenic strains isolated from human urinary tract or nose infections. By quantitative biofilm production assay, a strong adherence ability of Enterococcus sp CM9 and Enterococcus sp CM18 was revealed while E. faecium H3 resulted to be moderately adherent. Inhibition tests demonstrated an antimicrobial activity of LAB against pathogens. The presence of cell free supernatant (CFS) of CM9 and CM18 strains significantly decreased the adhesion of S. aureus 10,850, S. epidermidis 4,296 and E. coli FSL24. The CFS of H3 strain was effective against S. epidermidis 4,296 and P. aeruginosa PA1FSL biofilms only. Biofilm formation of K. pneumoniae Kp20FSL, A. baumannii AB8FSL and ESBL+ E. coli FS101570 have not been affected by any CSF while P. aeruginosa PA1FSL biofilm increase in presence of CM9 and CM18 CFS. Confocal Laser Scanning Microscopy revealed that K. pneumoniae Kp20FSL biofilm was inhibited by Enterococcus sp CM9, when grown together. Our results suggest that the LAB strains and/or their bacteriocins can be considered as potential tools to control biofilm formation of some bacterial pathogens.

Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)105-114
Number of pages10
JournalAdvances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Publication statusPublished - 2020

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