Abnormalities of circulating t cell subsets in atopy: Influence of specific immunotherapy

Giorgio W. Canonica, Waller Dirienzo, Elisabetta Cosulich, Silvano Ferrini, Giorgio Ciprandi, Giovanni Melioli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Blood samples of patients with severe respiratory allergic diseases contain increased numbers of T cells bearing surface HLA-DR antigens, indicating the presence of activated T cells. In the same group of patients, MLR3 and MLR4, two monoclonal antibodies (Mab) directed to subsets of activated peripheral T cells, recognize T cell percentages within the normal range. Thus, it seems possible that specialized subsets of activated T cells (HLA-DR+/VMLR3-MLR4-) are represented in the peripheral blood of atopic patients. Such cells are lacking in patients after specific imunotherapy. Similar results - an increased percentage of 5/9+ T cells in untreated patients and normal counts of 5/9+ T cells in treated ones - were obtained in the two groups of patients by using another Mab, 5/9, which serves as a reliable marker of helper T cells in resting peripheral T lymphocytes. These data further support the concept of a T cell imbalance in allergic patients and suggest a possible role of specific immunotherapy in correcting the modification of peripheral T cell abnormalities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)300-303
Number of pages4
JournalInternational Archives of Allergy and Immunology
Volume71
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1983

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology
  • Immunology and Allergy

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    Canonica, G. W., Dirienzo, W., Cosulich, E., Ferrini, S., Ciprandi, G., & Melioli, G. (1983). Abnormalities of circulating t cell subsets in atopy: Influence of specific immunotherapy. International Archives of Allergy and Immunology, 71(4), 300-303. https://doi.org/10.1159/000233411