Abnormalities of collagen cross-linkage in posterior communicating artery aneurysms: A preliminary study

Paolo Gaetani, Vittorio Grazioli, Flavio Tancioni, Erminia Casari, Fulvio Tartara, Riccardo Rodriguez y Baena

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The collagen of tissues submitted to mechanical load (i.e. arterial wall) is characterised by the presence of intermolecular covalent cross- links (hydroxylysyl pyridinoline or pyridinoline: PYD; and lysyl-pyridinoline or deoxypyridinoline: DPD) which stabilise the molecular structure. In this preliminary study we look for quantitative or qualitative alterations of collagen cross-linkage in intracranial aneurysms of posterior communicating artery (PCoA) which may be considered a site of elective weakening in the intracranial arterial circulation, being one of the most frequent locations of intracranial aneurysms and of so called 'infundibular widening'. We analysed the collagen cross-linkage in 6 autopsy samples of intracranial arterial segments of the Circle of Willis which were removed from patients whose cause of death was other than cerebral hemorrhage, and in 6 samples of intracranial PCoA aneurysms obtained at surgery. The analysis of cross-links showed that there was no significant difference in collagen and cross-link content between autoptic and aneurysmatic samples except for PCoA. In autoptic nonaneurysmatic samples of PCoA a lower content of PYD than in internal carotid artery (ICA) and a lower content of DPD than in all other arterial segments has been demonstrated; moreover a lower content of cross- links (DPD+PYD/Collagen) was evident in nonaneurysmatic PCoA samples when compared to other segments (ICA and Anterior Communicating Artery). On the other hand, the mean content of DPD was significantly lower in PCoA aneurysms than in nonaneurysmatic samples of the artery and moreover, a significantly low content of cross-links (DPD+PYD/Collagen) is overemphasised in PCoA aneurysms, suggesting that the peculiar lower content of DPD in PCoA arteries may be considered the expression of minor resistance of the arterial wall at this site, and may be related to the higher incidence of aneurysms or infundibular widening of this arterial segment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)541-545
Number of pages5
JournalNeurological Research
Volume18
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1996

Keywords

  • aneurysm
  • collagen cross-linkage
  • molecular structure
  • Posterior communicating artery
  • structural alteration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neuroscience(all)

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    Gaetani, P., Grazioli, V., Tancioni, F., Casari, E., Tartara, F., & Rodriguez y Baena, R. (1996). Abnormalities of collagen cross-linkage in posterior communicating artery aneurysms: A preliminary study. Neurological Research, 18(6), 541-545.