«A qual fine vero e proprio debba rispondere la ginnastica nelle scuole». Emilio Baumann e la manualistica ad uso dei maestri elementari all'indomani della legge De Sanctis

Translated title of the contribution: «About the real purpose of physical education in schools». Emilio Baumann and handbooks to be used by primary school teachers after de Sanctis' Law

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Abstract

The analysis of syllabuses to be used by primary school teachers has allowed a survey concerning the beginning of the process about how physical education, which became compulsory subject in Italian schools due to a Law passed in 1878, has been shaped as a real school subject. Such a new kind of sources has revealed the outstanding contribution given by Emilio Baumann to the building of an educational school background of physical education. The originality of the theoretical suggestions he made out in Bologna between 1870s and 1880s joining his experience as a teacher with his studies as a doctor, did not fade out after being charged director of «Regia Scuola Normale di Ginnastica» [Royal School of Gymnastics] in Rome: on the contrary Baumann's observations introduced in teachers' books, offered physical education new opportunities to reinforce its own epistemological roots founded on pedagogical and scientific knowledge and to point out his own methodology with more coherent accuracy.

Translated title of the contribution«About the real purpose of physical education in schools». Emilio Baumann and handbooks to be used by primary school teachers after de Sanctis' Law
Original languageItalian
Pages (from-to)195-220
Number of pages26
JournalHistory of Education and Children's Literature
Volume8
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • History and Philosophy of Science
  • Education

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