Abscisic Acid Treatment in Patients with Prediabetes

Giuseppe Derosa, Pamela Maffioli, Angela D'Angelo, Paola S. Preti, Giancarlo Tenore, Ettore Novellino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

AIM: to evaluate the effects of abscisic acid (ABA), contained in dwarf peaches, on the regression of impaired fasting glucose (IFG) or impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) conditions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: sixty-five patients with IFG or IGT were randomized to take ABA or placebo for 3 months. We evaluated: fasting plasma glucose (FPG), postprandial plasma glucose (PPG), glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), fasting plasma insulin (FPI), homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), lipid profile and high sensitivity C-reactive protein (Hs-CRP). At baseline, and after 3 months, all patients underwent an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), an euglycemic hyperinsulinemic clamp, and a glucagon test. RESULTS: a significant reduction of HbA1c, FPG, PPG, FPI and HOMA-IR was observed in the ABA group. After 3 months, 26.7% of patients returned to a normal glycemic status in the ABA group versus zero patients in placebo group; 20.0% were classified as IFG and 53.3% as IGT in the nutraceutical group versus 33.3% and 63.3% in the placebo group. The M value was higher in the ABA group at the end of the treatment. Finally, Hs-CRP was reduced after 3 months of ABA consumption. CONCLUSIONS: abscisic acid can be effective in ameliorating glyco-metabolic compensation and in reducing inflammatory status in patients with IFG or IGT.

Original languageEnglish
JournalNutrients
Volume12
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 24 2020

Keywords

  • abscisic acid
  • dysglycemia
  • plasma glucose
  • prediabetes
  • treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Abscisic Acid Treatment in Patients with Prediabetes'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this