Absence of left atrial stunning after cardioversion of recent-onset atrial fibrillation in patients at low-stroke risk

Emanuele Antonielli, Alfredo Pizzuti, Sarah Dogliani, Michele Stasi, Antonia Bassignana, Baldassarre Doronzo

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OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the presence and degree of spontaneous echo contrast (SEC) in the left atrium and of left atrial appendage (LAA) contractility before and after cardioversion (CV) in patients with recent-onset atrial fibrillation (AF). METHODS: Our study included 56 patients divided into two groups: group 1, comprising 32 clinically stable patients who were admitted to the Emergency Department with less than or equal to 48 h duration AF, and who underwent transoesophageal echocardiography (TEE)-guided CV; and the control group (group 2), comprising 24 patients admitted to the Cardiological Department for elective TEE-guided CV of greater than 48 h AF. All patients underwent repeat TEE within 1 h after successful CV. RESULTS: Patients with recent-onset AF (group 1) showed no thrombogenic milieu at baseline without any evidence of atrial stunning after successful CV. SEC mean grade (0–3 grading) was 0.09±0.3 versus 0.12±0.4 after CV (P=0.98), and LAA flow velocity was 60.7±19.4 versus 56.7±20.5 cm/s after CV (P=0.07). Group 2 patients showed a significantly higher degree of SEC compared with those in group 1 (0.09±0.3 vs. 0.66±0.7, P=0.0093) and significantly lower LAA flow velocities (60.7±19.4 vs. 32.5±12.4, P

Original languageEnglish
JournalEuropean Journal of Emergency Medicine
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Oct 8 2015


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Emergency Medicine

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