Objective. Elevated RANTES serum levels are present in polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) patients with active disease. Chemokines may contribute to the inflammatory PMR process through their binding to CC chemokine receptor 5 (CCR5). The aim of this study was to examine if the 32 base pair deletion allele in CCR5 (CCR5Δ32 allele) might be associated with PMR susceptibility and influence the disease outcome. Methods. We enrolled 88 consecutive patients with PMR residing in the Reggio Emilia area (Italy) who had a follow-up duration of at least one year. As a control group we used 86 healthy blood donors from the same geographic area. The CCR5 genotype of all PMR patients and controls was studied by polymerase chain reaction amplification of the region which includes the 32 deletion (CCR5Δ32). RANTES serum levels were measured by commercial ELISA kits in CCR5Δ32 heterozygous and CCR5 homozygous PMR patients at diagnosis before starting corticosteroid therapy and again after 6 months of therapy, as well as in 28 healthy subjects over 50 years of age. Results. Frequencies of the CCR5 and CCR5Δ32 alleles in patients and controls did not differ significantly. Homozygosity for CCR5Δ32 was not detected in PMR patients and was detected in only one of the controls. No significant differences were observed between the patients carrying the CCR5Δ32 allele and those homozygous for the normal CCR5 allele when we compared sex, presence of distal synovitis and systemic signs and/or symptoms, initial and cumulative prednisone dose, duration of therapy, ESR at diagnosis, frequency of relapse/recurrence and RANTES serum levels at diagnosis and after 6 months of corticosteroids. Conclusion. These results indicate that the frequency of the 32 deletion of the CCR5 receptor was not significantly different between PMR patients and healthy controls, and this genotype does not appear to be associated with the susceptibility to or severity of PMR.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology|
|Publication status||Published - 2000|
- CCR5 polymorphism
- Polymyalgia rheumatica
ASJC Scopus subject areas