ABVD versus modified Stanford V versus MOPPEBVCAD with optional and limited radiotherapy in intermediate- and advanced-stage Hodgkin's lymphoma: Final results of a multicenter randomized trial by the Intergruppo Italiano Linfomi

Paolo G. Gobbi, Alessandro Levis, Teodora Chisesi, Chiara Broglia, Umberto Vitolo, Caterina Stelitano, Vincenzo Pavone, Luigi Cavanna, Gino Santini, Francesco Merli, Marina Liberati, Luca Baldini, Giorgio Lambertenghi Deliliers, Emanuele Angelucci, Roberto Bordonaro, Massimo Federico

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose: In this multicenter, prospective, randomized clinical trial on advanced Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL), the efficacy and toxicity of two chemotherapy regimens, doxorubicin, vinblastine, mechlorethamine, vincristine, bleomycin, etoposide, and prednisone (Stanford V) and mechlorethamine, vincristine, procarbazine, prednisone, epidoxirubicin, bleomycin, vinblastine, lomustine, doxorubicin, and vindesine (MOPPEBVCAD), were compared with doxorubicin, bleomycin, vinblastine, and dacarbazine (ABVD) as standard therapy to select which regimen would best support a reduced radiotherapy program, which was limited to ≤ two sites of either previous bulky or partially remitting disease (a modification of the original Stanford program). Patients and Methods: Three hundred fifty-five patients with stage MB, III, or IV HL were randomly assigned. Three hundred thirty-four patients were assessable for the study and received six cycles of ABVD (n = 122), three cycles of Stanford V (n = 107), or six cycles of MOPPEBVCAD (n = 106); radiotherapy was administered to 76, 71, and 50 patients in these three arms, respectively. Results: The complete response rates for ABVD, Stanford V, and MOPPEBVCAD were 89%, 76% and 94%, respectively; 5-year failure-free survival (FFS) and progression-free survival rates were 78%, 54%, 81 % and 85%, 73%, and 94%, respectively (P <.01 for comparison of Stanford V with the other two regimens). Corresponding 5-year overall survival rates were 90%, 82%, and 89% for ABVD, Stanford V, and MOPPEBVCAD, respectively. Stanford V was more myelotoxic than ABVD but less myelotoxic than MOPPEBVCAD, which had larger reductions in the prescribed drug doses. Conclusion: When associated with conditioned and limited (not adjuvant) radiotherapy, ABVD and MOPPEBVCAD were superior to Stanford V chemotherapy in terms of response rate and FFS and progression-free survival. Patients were irradiated less often after MOPPEBVCAD, but this regimen was more toxic. ABVD is still the best choice when it is combined with optional, limited irradiation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9198-9207
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Clinical Oncology
Volume23
Issue number36
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

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