Accelerated chemotherapy with high-dose epirubicin and cyclophosphamide plus r-met-HUG-CSF in locally advanced and metastatic breast cancer

A. F. Scinto, V. Ferraresi, N. Campioni, R. Tonachella, L. Piarulli, I. Sacchi, D. Giannarelli, F. Cognetti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: This study evaluated the toxicity of high-dose epirubicin and cyclophosphamide plus r-met-HUG-CSF (G-CSF) given every 2 weeks and compared the dose-intensity achieved with this schedule with that obtained in a previous study we conducted in which the same regimen was given every 3 weeks without G-SCF (EC 21). The secondary objective was to explore the activity of this regimen. Patients and methods: Between December 1991 and March 1994, 41 patients (pts), 19 with locally advanced breast cancer (LABC) and 22 with metastatic breast cancer (MBC), were given high-dose epirubicin (Hd-Epi) (120 mg/m2) and cyclophosphamide (CTX) (600 mg/m2) on day 1 every 14 days (EC 14) plus granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) (5 mcg/kg/d s.c. on days 2-12). A total of 8 cycles in LABC pts (4 pre- and post-surgery), and 6-8 cycles in MBC pts were administered. The results were compared with those obtained in the previous study. Results: The incidence of WHO grade 3-4 neutropenia was significantly reduced in the EC 14 + G-CSF regimen (25.2% vs. 46.8% in 214 and 250 evaluable cycles, respectively, p2/wk vs. 36.8 mg/ m2/wk; CTX 292.52 mg/m2/wk vs. 182.9 mg/m2/wk). A complete response at surgery was obtained in 9/19 (47.4%) LABC pts. An objective CR was obtained in 11/22 MBC pts (50%) and a partial response in 8/22 (36.4%), yielding an overall response rate of 86.4%. Conclusions: Hd-Epi + CTX is very active against both LABC and MBC. The administration of G-CSF allows dose intensification of both drugs (a 59.5% increase of the actual dose intensity) with acceptable clinical tolerance (a lower incidence of neutropenia but a higher incidence of anemia and thrombocytopenia). Only a specifically designed phase III trial will lead to definitive conclusions regarding the greater antitumor activity of accelerated CSF-including regimens as compared to standard chemotherapy for advanced breast cancer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)665-671
Number of pages7
JournalAnnals of Oncology
Volume6
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 1995

Keywords

  • Advanced breast cancer
  • Dose intensity
  • Highdose epi
  • rh G-CSF

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology
  • Statistics, Probability and Uncertainty
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Hematology

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