Thirty patients with marginally resectable stage IIIA or stage IIIB NSCLC were treated with cisplatin (80 mg/m2/i.v./dl), ifosfamide (4,000 mg/m2/i.v./dl) and vinorelbine (30 mg/m2/i.v./dl) plus G-CSF 300 μg/s.c. on days 7-12 every 14 days for three cycles before surgery. In 26 evaluable patients, the radiographically assessed response rate to chemotherapy was 77% (8% complete). Three septic deaths (10%) occurred in spite of G-CSF and 1 patient refused to continue after the first cycle. Thoracotomy was performed in 23 patients including 19 complete resections. At 15 months median follow-up (range 10-22+), 11/19 (57%) completely resected patients relapsed. The overall median time to treatment failure was 11 months (range 0-17). Actuarial survival probability at 12, 18 and 24 months are 56%, 43% and 36%, respectively. In conclusion, the combination of cisplatin, ifosfamide and vinorelbine in full doses at a 14 day interval (accelerated chemotherapy) was very effective in neoadjuvant NSCLC setting. Nevertheless, relevant toxicity was demonstrated with a 10% death rate probably due to the overlapping toxicity of chemotherapy cycles, suggesting the need for a more intense supportive care or longer interval between cycles.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||International Journal of Oncology|
|Publication status||Published - Apr 1996|
- Lung cancer
- Preoperative chemotherapy
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research