Achalasia with dense eosinophilic infiltrate responds to steroid therapy

Edoardo Savarino, Lorenzo Gemignani, Patrizia Zentilin, Nicola De Bortoli, Alberto Malesci, Luca Mastracci, Roberto Fiocca, Vincenzo Savarino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A patient presented with chronic substernal discomfort and intermittent dysphagia for solids. High-resolution impedance manometry (HRIM) of the esophagus showed that there was no peristalsis in the esophageal body but incomplete relaxation of the lower esophageal sphincter and incomplete bolus transit, so the patient was diagnosed with achalasia. Moreover, probably because of esophageal stasis, eosinophilic infiltration that mimicked a pattern of eosinophilic esophagitis was observed, on the basis of multiple biopsies of the esophagus. The patient was given 50 mg prednisolone once daily; the symptoms improved dramatically, and HRIM showed complete recovery of esophageal peristalsis, deeper relaxation of the lower esophageal sphincter, and complete bolus transit profile. HRIM can therefore be used to assess dysmotility abnormalities in patients with achalasia and eosinophilic-like esophagitis, and steroids relieve these symptoms. Treatment with a high dose of prednisolone resulted in a complete disappearance of dysphagia because of improved esophageal motility and reduced eosinophilic infiltrate. It is therefore important to control the inflammatory process in patients with idiopathic achalasia, which is likely to result from an autoimmune reaction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1104-1106
Number of pages3
JournalClinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Volume9
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2011

Keywords

  • Achalasia
  • Eosinophilic Infiltrate
  • High-Resolution Impedance Manometry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology
  • Hepatology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Achalasia with dense eosinophilic infiltrate responds to steroid therapy'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this