Achieving recovery in patients with schizophrenia through psychosocial interventions: A retrospective study

M Buonocore, M Bosia, MA Baraldi, Margherita Bechi, M Spangaro, F Cocchi, L Bianchi, C Guglielmino, AR Mastromatteo, R Cavallaro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Aim: Recovery, or functional remission, represents the ultimate treatment goal in schizophrenia. Despite its importance, a standardized definition of remission is still lacking, thus reported rates significantly vary across studies. Moreover, the effects of rehabilitative interventions on recovery have not been thoroughly investigated. This study aimed to evaluate recovery in a sample of patients with chronic schizophrenia engaged in rehabilitation programs and to explore contributing factors, with a focus on sociocognitive rehabilitative interventions. Methods: Data from 104 patients with schizophrenia treated either with a standard rehabilitation program, including cognitive remediation (n=46), or the latter plus a specific sociocognitive intervention (n=58), and assessed for psychopathology, cognition, social cognition, and Quality of Life Scale, were retrospectively analyzed for this study. Results: Recovery, evaluated with the Quality of Life Scale, was achieved by 56.76% of patients in our sample. While no effects were observed for clinical, cognitive, or sociocognitive variables, participation in the sociocognitive rehabilitative interventions was positively associated with recovery. Conclusion: Our results indicate that high rates of recovery can be achieved in patients treated with psychosocial interventions and suggest that rehabilitative programs targeting social cognition may further facilitate the process of recovery. If confirmed, these results may have relevant implications for daily clinical practice and service provision, allowing clinicians to develop and optimize specific rehabilitation programs in order to promote recovery. © 2017 The Author.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)28-34
Number of pages7
JournalPsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
Volume72
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

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