Acid Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease and Apparent Life-Threatening Events: Simultaneous pH-metry and Cardiorespiratory Monitoring

Francesco Macchini, Anna Morandi, Paola Cognizzoli, Giorgio Farris, Valerio Gentilino, Andrea Zanini, Ernesto Leva

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Aim: To investigate the prevalence and the characteristics of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) in infants with apparent life threatening events (ALTE). Materials and methods: Infants with at least one episode of ALTE in absence of predisposing factors were included. All infants underwent a cardiorespiratory recording with simultaneous 24-hour pH-monitoring. Patients were divided into 3 groups according to the severity of GERD: A. Reflux Index (RI) 7%. Monthly evaluations were performed and the anti-reflux therapy was maintained till normalization of monitoring and clinic. Results: 41 infants were enrolled. GERD was found in 80% of patients (moderate in 54%, severe in 27%). A normalization of the cardiorespiratory tracks was recorded on average after 1 month for group A, 7 months for the group B and 9.5 months for group C. A significant difference was registered between group A and both group B and C (P <0.0001), as well as between the group B and C (P <0.05). Conclusion: GERD influences significantly the time of normalization of the cardiorespiratory monitoring in infants with ALTE. GERD diagnosis and treatment are mandatory in these patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)43-47
JournalPediatrics and Neonatology
Volume58
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Keywords

  • Apparent life threatening events
  • Gastro-esophageal reflux disease
  • PH-metry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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