Acinetobacter Infections

Nicola Petrosillo, Cecilia Melina Drapeau, Stefano Di Bella

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

In the last decades, infections by Acinetobacter baumannii represent a concern for clinicians and public health professionals, due to its multidrug resistance, its spread in the hospital setting worldwide, in both an endemic and epidemic manner, and its high morbidity and mortality rates. The most common way of transmission of A. baumannii is contact, mainly from the hands of hospital staff; however, the bacteria can spread through the air over short distances in water droplets and can be found in skin scales from colonized patients. Moreover, the hospital environment is as a reservoir for A. baumannii as this pathogen can survive in the environment for extended periods because of its innate resistance to desiccation.For multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii, treatment represents a challenge for the limited number of options, which include colistin, tygecicline, and aminoglycosides. However, reports of panresistant strains are increasing over time worldwide.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEmerging Infectious Diseases: Clinical Case Studies
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Pages255-272
Number of pages18
ISBN (Print)9780124201095, 9780124169753
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 16 2014

Keywords

  • Acinetobacter baumannii
  • Carbapenem resistance
  • Epidemiology
  • Multidrug resistance
  • Treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)

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    Petrosillo, N., Drapeau, C. M., & Di Bella, S. (2014). Acinetobacter Infections. In Emerging Infectious Diseases: Clinical Case Studies (pp. 255-272). Elsevier Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-416975-3.00020-0