Acquired Infectious and Autoimmune Diseases of the Pediatric Central Nervous System

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Encephalitis generally refers to inflammation of the brain and is therefore a generic term, devoid of etiological significance. Under this generic denomination, both infectious and inflammatory diseases are gathered. Infections of the central nervous system (CNS) are categorized into congenital and acquired, depending on whether the process occurs before or after birth. The focus of this workshop is on acquired infectious CNS diseases. Furthermore, the CNS may also be involved by immunemediate inflammatory conditions that typically, although not exclusively, occur in the aftermath of infection. These processes mainly comprise acute disseminated encephalo-myelitis (ADEM). Other, rarer, forms of immune-mediate CNS disorders, such as acute necrotizing encephalo-pathy (ANE), limbic and Rasmussen encephalitis (RE), neuromyelitis optica (NO), and vasculitis, are also described. On the other hand, primary demyelinating diseases, such as multiple sclerosis and its variants, are beyond the scope of this paper.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationDiseases of the Brain, Head and Neck, Spine 2012-2015: Diagnostic Imaging and Interventional Techniques
PublisherSpringer-Verlag Milan
Pages280-295
Number of pages16
ISBN (Print)9788847026285, 9788847026278
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

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  • Cite this

    Rossi, A. (2012). Acquired Infectious and Autoimmune Diseases of the Pediatric Central Nervous System. In Diseases of the Brain, Head and Neck, Spine 2012-2015: Diagnostic Imaging and Interventional Techniques (pp. 280-295). Springer-Verlag Milan. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-88-470-2628-5_39