The presence of immunoreactive ACTH molecules on phagocytic cells from the freshwater snails Planorbarius corneus and Lymnaea stagnalis was shown by cytofluorimetric analysis. The role of ACTH in phagocytosis and in the release of biogenic amines, two biological responses that may be taken as ancestral types of immune response and stress, respectively, has also been evaluated. ACTH markedly increased the phagocytosis of Staphylococcus aureus by P. corneus haemocytes and caused the release of biogenic amines from such cells into the serum. These data, as well as tracing the ancestral physiological role of ACTH, favour the hypothesis that immune and neuroendocrine systems share a common evolutionary origin.
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences|
|Publication status||Published - 1991|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)