Action anticipation beyond the action observation network: A functional magnetic resonance imaging study in expert basketball players

A. M. Abreu, E. Macaluso, R. T. Azevedo, P. Cesari, C. Urgesi, S. M. Aglioti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

86 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The ability to predict the actions of others is quintessential for effective social interactions, particularly in competitive contexts (e.g. in sport) when knowledge about upcoming movements allows anticipating rather than reacting to opponents. Studies suggest that we predict what others are doing by using our own motor system as an internal forward model and that the fronto-parietal action observation network (AON) is fundamental for this ability. However, multiple-duty cells dealing with action perception and execution have been found in a variety of cortical regions. Here we used functional magnetic resonance imaging to explore, in expert basketball athletes and novices, whether the ability to make early predictions about the fate of sport-specific actions (i.e. free throws) is underpinned by neural regions beyond the classical AON. We found that, although involved in action prediction, the fronto-parietal AON was similarly activated in novices and experts. Importantly, athletes exhibited relatively greater activity in the extrastriate body area during the prediction task, probably due to their expert reading of the observed action kinematics. Moreover, experts exhibited higher activation in the bilateral inferior frontal gyrus and in the right anterior insular cortex when producing errors, suggesting that they might become aware of their own errors. Correct action prediction induced higher posterior insular cortex activity in experts and higher orbito-frontal activity in novices, suggesting that body awareness is important for performance monitoring in experts, whereas novices rely more on higher-order decision-making strategies. This functional reorganization highlights the tight relationship between action anticipation, error awareness and motor expertise leading to body-related processing and differences in decision-making processes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1646-1654
Number of pages9
JournalEuropean Journal of Neuroscience
Volume35
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2012

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Basketball
Aptitude
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Observation
Athletes
Cerebral Cortex
Sports
Decision Making
Interpersonal Relations
Prefrontal Cortex
Biomechanical Phenomena
Reading

Keywords

  • Action anticipation
  • Motor expertise
  • Motor resonance system
  • Sports

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

Cite this

Action anticipation beyond the action observation network : A functional magnetic resonance imaging study in expert basketball players. / Abreu, A. M.; Macaluso, E.; Azevedo, R. T.; Cesari, P.; Urgesi, C.; Aglioti, S. M.

In: European Journal of Neuroscience, Vol. 35, No. 10, 05.2012, p. 1646-1654.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abreu, A. M. ; Macaluso, E. ; Azevedo, R. T. ; Cesari, P. ; Urgesi, C. ; Aglioti, S. M. / Action anticipation beyond the action observation network : A functional magnetic resonance imaging study in expert basketball players. In: European Journal of Neuroscience. 2012 ; Vol. 35, No. 10. pp. 1646-1654.
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