The aim of this study was to investigate if the association of both hyperthermic and Retinol treatment of HTC hepatoma cells could be useful in antitumor therapy. Treatment with 5 microM Retinol was carried out before or after hyperthermia (42 degrees C or 44 degrees C, one hour; in the latter case it was performed in cells already thermo-selected. We took into consideration two parameters, i.e. the number of the collected vital cells (evaluated by the trypan blue-exclusion test) and the clonal efficiency of these cells (calculated as number of colonies obtained from 250 cells cultured for 5 days). Thermal treatment alone caused a decrease of the number of the collected vital cells and of their clonal efficiency only in the cell cultures incubated at 44 degrees C. Instead the control thermo-selected cells, both at 42 degrees C and at 44 degrees C, showed both decreased clonal efficiency and yield of the vital cells. Compared with the control cultures treated with 0.1% Ethanol, used as vitamin A solvent, only cell cultures treated with Retinol before hyperthermia showed a decreased number of collected viable cells, nevertheless their clonal efficiency was unchanged.
|Translated title of the contribution||Action of retinol on viable cell recovery and clonogenic potential of HTC cells after in vitro hyperthermia|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Bollettino della Societa Italiana di Biologia Sperimentale|
|Publication status||Published - Dec 1992|
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