Oleoyl-estrone (OE) has been presented as a potential antiobesity therapeutic, but the published series of studies from one laboratory has not yet been independently confirmed, and the exact mechanism of action is unknown. Based on the hypothesis that OE has potential for the treatment of obesity, male and female rats were chronically treated with several doses of OE to evaluate the impact of this compound on energy metabolism. Body weight, body composition, energy balance parameters and the expression of hypothalamic neuropeptides regulating food intake as well as key markers of the reproductive system were examined. OE impressively reduced food consumption and body weight gain in both sexes. Although a major part of the loss in body weight could be explained by decreased fat mass, a substantial loss of lean mass also occurred after OE administration. The loss of weight can be sufficiently explained by the suppression of food consumption, as there were no major changes in energy expenditure, locomotor activity or respiratory quotient. In situ hybridization data showed no significant change in the expression of key neuropeptides and hormone receptors regulating feeding behavior after OE treatment. Cocaine-amphetamine-regulated transcript (CART) mRNA levels were decreased in the arcuate nucleus of OE-treated rats. Hypogonadism and low plasma testosterone levels were found in OE-treated males, whereas females showed substantially increased liver size. The present data suggest that OE decreases food intake and body weight but also appears to cause a significant impact on the hypothalamus-pituitary-reproductive axis.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Medicine (miscellaneous)
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Nutrition and Dietetics