Activation of cerebral endothelium is required for mononuclear cell recruitment in a novel in vitro model of brain inflammation

L. Librizzi, S. Mazzetti, C. Pastori, S. Frigerio, A. Salmaggi, C. Buccellati, A. Di Gennaro, G. Folco, L. Vitellaro-Zuccarello, M. De Curtis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Brain inflammation is a common event in the pathogenesis of several neurological diseases. It is unknown whether leukocyte/endothelium interactions are sufficient to promote homing of blood-borne cells into the brain compartment. The role of mononuclear cells and endothelium was analyzed in a new experimental model, the isolated guinea-pig brain maintained in vitro by arterial perfusion. This preparation allows one to investigate early steps of brain inflammation that are impracticable in vivo. We demonstrate by confocal microscopy analysis that in vitro co-perfusion of pro-inflammatory agents and pre-activated fluorescent mononuclear cells induced endothelial expression of selectins and intracellular adhesion molecule-1 in correspondence of arrested mononuclear cells, and correlates with a moderate increase in blood-brain barrier permeability. Separate perfusion of pro-inflammatory agents and mononuclear cells induced neither mononuclear cell adhesion nor adhesion molecule expression. We demonstrate that co-activation of mononuclear cells and cerebral endothelium is an essential requirement for cell arrest and adhesion in the early stages of experimental cerebral inflammation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1211-1219
Number of pages9
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2006


  • Adhesion molecules
  • Endothelium
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Isolated guinea-pig brain
  • selectins

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)


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