Activation of coagulation and fibrinolysis during coronary surgery: Onpump versus off-pump techniques

Valter Casati, Chiara Gerli, Annalisa Franco, Patrizia Della Valle, Stefano Benussi, Ottavio Alfieri, Giorgio Torri, Armando D'Angelo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background. The authors studied the changes in selected hemostatic variables in patients undergoing coronary surgery with on-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) or off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery (OPCAB) techniques. Methods: Platelet counts and plasma concentrations of anti-thrombin, fibrinogen, D dinner, α 2 antiplasmin, and plasminogen were measured preoperatively, 5 min after administration of heparin, 10 min after arrival in the intensive care unit, and 24 h after surgery in patients scheduled to undergo OPCAB (n = 15) or CABG (n = 15). To correct for dilution, hemostatic variables and platelet counts were adjusted for the changes in immunoglobulin G plasma concentrations and hematocrit, respectively. Results: Adjusting for dilution, antithrombin and fibrinogen concentrations decreased to a similar extent in patients undergoing OPCAB or CABG (pooled means and 95% confidence limits of the mean: 95.5% of baseline, 93-98%, P = 0.002, and 91.7% of baseline, 88-95%, P = 0.0001), respectively, whereas α 2-antiplasmin concentrations were unchanged. Only CABG was associated with a reduction in platelet counts (76% of baseline, 66-85%, P = 0.0001), plasminogen concentrations (96% of baseline, 91-99%, P = 0.011), and increased D-dimer formation (476%, 309-741%, P = 0.004). Twenty-four hours after surgery, platelet counts were still lower in patients undergoing CABG (P = 0.049), but all the investigated variables adjusted for dilution were similar in the two groups. Conclusions: Coronary surgery causes a net consumption of antithrombin and fibrinogen. A transient decrease in platelet counts, with plasminogen activation and increased D-dimer formation, however, is only observed with CABG. Twenty-four hours after surgery, the hemostatic profiles of patients in both groups are similar.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1103-1109
Number of pages7
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2001

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine


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