The effect of porins purified from Salmonella typhimurium on the complement system was investigated both in vitro and in vivo. Incubation of porins with either human or guinea pig serum resulted in the consumption of the total complement activity when an amount of porins ranging from 8 to 10 μg per 100 μl of serum was used. The activation of the complement system was temperature dependent, suggesting an active process rather than passive adsorption of the complement components by porins. In addition, the activation had a fast kinetic and proceeded mainly through the classical pathway. This conclusion is supported by the consumption of C1s and C4 in normal human serum treated with porins and also by the depletion of C3 activity in the C1s-deficient serum which was marked only when purified C1s was added to the serum before incubation with porins. Injection of 100 μg of porins into guinea pigs induced profound complement consumption at 6 h postinjection that persisted up to 12 h. We conclude from this study that porins can effectively contribute to complement activation and to subsequent biological events induced by gram-negative bacteria.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Infection and Immunity|
|Publication status||Published - 1984|
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