Activation of dopamine D2 receptors linked to voltage-sensitive potassium channels reduces forskolin-induced cyclic AMP formation in rat pituitary cells

Maurizio Memo, Marina Pizzi, Marco Belloni, Marina Benarese, Pierfranco Spano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

3,4-Dihydroxyphenylethylamine (dopamine) D2 receptor agonists, including BHT 920 and bromocriptine, and the potassium channel opener minoxidil share the property of hyperpolarizing the plasma membrane by activating voltage-dependent potassium channels. These drugs were tested for their ability to inhibit the cyclic AMP formation induced by forskolin either in intact or in broken pituitary cells. In contrast to bromocriptine, which was active in both experimental systems, BHT 920 and minoxidil inhibited the forskolin-induced cyclic AMP formation in intact-cell but not in broken-cell preparations. The effects of BHT 920 were (a) concentration dependent, with a calculated IC50 of 0.7 μM, (b) dopaminergic in nature, being specifically antagonized by sulpiride, (c) not additive with those induced by minoxidil, and (d) less effective in the presence of potassium channel blockers, such as 4-aminopyridine and tetraethylammonium. These data indicate that the inhibition of forskolin-induced cyclic AMP formation by BHT 920 in intact pituitary cells is not a primary consequence of receptor occupation, but a late event, possibly related to the opening of voltage-dependent potassium channels elicited by this drug through the activation of a subtype of dopamine D2 receptors uncoupled to adenylyl cyclase.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1829-1835
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Neurochemistry
Volume59
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1992

Keywords

  • Adenylyl cyclase
  • BHT 920
  • D dopamine receptor
  • Forskolin
  • Hyperpolarization
  • Minoxidil
  • Pituitary

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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