(RS)-α-Methyl-4-phosphonophenylglycine (MPPG) and (S)-α-methyl-3-carboxyphenylalanine (M3CPA), two novel preferential antagonists of group III metabotropic glutamate (mGlu) receptors, antagonized the neuroprotective activity of L-2-amino-4-phosphonobutanoate (L-AP4) or L-serine-O-phosphate in mice cultured cortical cells exposed to a toxic pulse of N-methyl-D-aspartate. In contrast, MPPG did not influence the neuroprotective activity of the selective group II mGlu receptors agonist, (2(S),1'(R),2'(R),3'(R))-2-(2,3-dicarboxycyclopropyl) glycine (DCG-IV). These results indicate that activation of group m mGlu receptors exerts neuroprotective activity against excitotoxic neuronal death. At least one of the two major group III mGlu receptor subtypes, i.e. mGlu4 receptor, is expressed by cultured cortical neurons, as shown by immunocytochemical analysis with specific polyclonal antibodies.
- Cortical neuron
- Metabotropic glutamate receptor
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience