We show that osteopontin (OPN), bone sialoprotein (BSP) and GRGDSP peptides, in solution, induce activation of metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) secreted by human GCT23 giant cell tumour cells. Activation of MMP-2 is RGD sequence dependent, possibly involves anti-αVβ3 integrins, is preceded by a change from spread to rounded cell morphology and is mimicked by the actin depolymerising agent cytochalasin B. Cells that had spread on OPN, BSP and GRGDSP substrata failed to activate MMP-2, but subsequent addition of soluble GRGDSP induced rounding and MMP-2 activation. Activation induced by GRGDSP and cytochalasin B was cell mediated, inhibited by EDTA, tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-2 (TIMP-2) and carboxyl terminal MMP-2 consistent with a role for membrane type (MT)-MMP but did not involve urokinase, plasmin or thrombin activity. Activation induced by GRGDSP and cytochalasin B, but not cell rounding, was inhibited by herbimycin A, cycloheximide and actinomycin D, suggesting a role for tyrosine kinases, protein and RNA synthesis, but was not associated with changes in mRNA for MT-MMP-1, MMP-1, MMP-2, TIMP-1 or TIMP-2. GRGDSP and cytochalasin B enhanced levels of membrane-associated pro- and active form MMP-1 and MMP-2 but not MT-MMP-1, stimulated cell surface MMP-1 staining and induced that of MT-MMP-1, MMP-2 and TIMP-2. This was consistent with the possible relocation of constitutive MT-MMP-1 to the cell surface as a prerequisite for subsequent cell surface MMP-2/TIMP-2/MT-MMP-1 complex formation and to the potential induction of conditions favourable for reciprocal cell surface MMP-1/MMP-2 activation. Our data provide a novel insight into interactions between RGD containing bone matrices, GCT cells and MMPs of potential relevance to GCT pathology.
|Number of pages||12|
|Journal||International Journal of Cancer|
|Publication status||Published - Jul 3 1998|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research