Activation of NF-κB p65/c-Rel dimer is associated with neuroprotection elicited by mGlu5 receptor agonists against MPP+ toxicity in SK-N-SH cells

I. Sarnico, F. Boroni, M. Benarese, S. Sigala, A. Lanzillotta, L. Battistin, P. Spano, M. Pizzi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) is a transcriptional regulator of neuron survival eliciting diverse effects according to the specific composition of its active dimer. While p50/p65 mediates neurodegenerative events, c-Rel-containing dimers promote cell survival. Stimulation of metabotropic glutamate receptors type 5 (mGlu5) reduces neuron vulnerability to amyloid-β through activation of anti-apoptotic, c-Rel-dependent transcription of Bcl-XL pathway. We here evaluated the protective activity of mGlu5 agonists in dopaminergic SK-N-SH cells exposed to 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium (MPP+), the active metabolite of 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) causing parkinsonism in experimental animals. MPP+ produced a concentration-dependent cell loss. Activation of mGlu5 receptors by CHPG (1 mM) and 3HPG (50 μM) abolished the toxic effect produced by 3 μM MPP+. The neuroprotection was associated with activation of NF-κB p65/c-Rel dimer and reduction of p50/p65. These effects were prevented by the mGlu5 receptor antagonist MPEP (5 μM). It is suggested that mGlu5 receptor agonists through activation of a c-Rel-dependent anti-apoptotic pathway can rescue dopaminergic cell from mitochondrial toxicity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)669-676
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Neural Transmission
Volume115
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2008

Keywords

  • CHPG
  • mGlu5 receptor
  • MPP
  • Neuroblastoma
  • NF-κB
  • SK-N-SH cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Biological Psychiatry
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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