Changes in transcription factors (TFs) accompany many types of cell stresses. By using electrophoretic mobility assays we show that the DNA binding of signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) is activated in rat liver by heat shock and ischemia-reperfusion. Northern blot and Western blot analysis reveal an increase of the mRNA and protein level of this transcription factor. Under both conditions the phosphorylation of pre-existing STAT3 is prompt and precedes the increase in the STAT3 protein. The activation: (1) is functional, i.e. is followed by the transcription of the target gene α1-acid glycoprotein (2) is strongly inhibited by pretreatment with the interleukin-1 receptor antagonist before heat shock but only slightly by pretreatment before ischemia-reperfusion (3) might, at least in part, be mediated by a cytokine cascade involving also interleukin-6. These results are consistent with the hypothesis that different kinds of stress can activate a number of common TFs.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||International Journal of Biochemistry and Cell Biology|
|Publication status||Published - Mar 1 2003|
- Heat shock
- Transcription factors (TFs)
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology