Active abdominal bleeding

Contrast-enhanced sonography

O. Catalano, B. Cusati, A. Nunziata, A. Siani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

63 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Active contrast medium extravasation is a recognized and important angiographic and computed tomographic (CT) sign of bleeding. It is an indicator of active, ongoing, and potentially life-threatening hemorrhage and, hence, of the need for an immediate surgical or interventional treatment. Sonography (US) is frequently used as the first imaging option for screening patients with traumatic and nontraumatic abdominal emergencies. Owing to the current possibilities of low-mechanical index, real-time, contrast-specific systems, it is now possible to detect a contrast leakage by using US. This finding opens new possibilities in the assessment and management of several abdominal emergencies, including trauma (initial workup and monitoring), spontaneous hematomas, and rupture of aneurysms or masses. This article describes the technique, findings, possibilities, and limitations of contrast-enhanced US in the evaluation of active abdominal bleeding.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9-16
Number of pages8
JournalAbdominal Imaging
Volume31
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2006

Fingerprint

Ultrasonography
Hemorrhage
Emergencies
Extravasation of Diagnostic and Therapeutic Materials
Spontaneous Rupture
Hematoma
Aneurysm
Wounds and Injuries
Therapeutics

Keywords

  • Blunt abdominal trauma, sonography
  • Hemorrhage, contrast extravasation
  • Nontraumatic abdominal emergencies, sonography
  • Sonography, contrast media

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology
  • Urology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology

Cite this

Active abdominal bleeding : Contrast-enhanced sonography. / Catalano, O.; Cusati, B.; Nunziata, A.; Siani, A.

In: Abdominal Imaging, Vol. 31, No. 1, 02.2006, p. 9-16.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Catalano, O. ; Cusati, B. ; Nunziata, A. ; Siani, A. / Active abdominal bleeding : Contrast-enhanced sonography. In: Abdominal Imaging. 2006 ; Vol. 31, No. 1. pp. 9-16.
@article{26551c1bb0834caf85e1724dd1487d7b,
title = "Active abdominal bleeding: Contrast-enhanced sonography",
abstract = "Active contrast medium extravasation is a recognized and important angiographic and computed tomographic (CT) sign of bleeding. It is an indicator of active, ongoing, and potentially life-threatening hemorrhage and, hence, of the need for an immediate surgical or interventional treatment. Sonography (US) is frequently used as the first imaging option for screening patients with traumatic and nontraumatic abdominal emergencies. Owing to the current possibilities of low-mechanical index, real-time, contrast-specific systems, it is now possible to detect a contrast leakage by using US. This finding opens new possibilities in the assessment and management of several abdominal emergencies, including trauma (initial workup and monitoring), spontaneous hematomas, and rupture of aneurysms or masses. This article describes the technique, findings, possibilities, and limitations of contrast-enhanced US in the evaluation of active abdominal bleeding.",
keywords = "Blunt abdominal trauma, sonography, Hemorrhage, contrast extravasation, Nontraumatic abdominal emergencies, sonography, Sonography, contrast media",
author = "O. Catalano and B. Cusati and A. Nunziata and A. Siani",
year = "2006",
month = "2",
doi = "10.1007/s00261-005-0369-6",
language = "English",
volume = "31",
pages = "9--16",
journal = "Abdominal Imaging",
issn = "0942-8925",
publisher = "Springer New York",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Active abdominal bleeding

T2 - Contrast-enhanced sonography

AU - Catalano, O.

AU - Cusati, B.

AU - Nunziata, A.

AU - Siani, A.

PY - 2006/2

Y1 - 2006/2

N2 - Active contrast medium extravasation is a recognized and important angiographic and computed tomographic (CT) sign of bleeding. It is an indicator of active, ongoing, and potentially life-threatening hemorrhage and, hence, of the need for an immediate surgical or interventional treatment. Sonography (US) is frequently used as the first imaging option for screening patients with traumatic and nontraumatic abdominal emergencies. Owing to the current possibilities of low-mechanical index, real-time, contrast-specific systems, it is now possible to detect a contrast leakage by using US. This finding opens new possibilities in the assessment and management of several abdominal emergencies, including trauma (initial workup and monitoring), spontaneous hematomas, and rupture of aneurysms or masses. This article describes the technique, findings, possibilities, and limitations of contrast-enhanced US in the evaluation of active abdominal bleeding.

AB - Active contrast medium extravasation is a recognized and important angiographic and computed tomographic (CT) sign of bleeding. It is an indicator of active, ongoing, and potentially life-threatening hemorrhage and, hence, of the need for an immediate surgical or interventional treatment. Sonography (US) is frequently used as the first imaging option for screening patients with traumatic and nontraumatic abdominal emergencies. Owing to the current possibilities of low-mechanical index, real-time, contrast-specific systems, it is now possible to detect a contrast leakage by using US. This finding opens new possibilities in the assessment and management of several abdominal emergencies, including trauma (initial workup and monitoring), spontaneous hematomas, and rupture of aneurysms or masses. This article describes the technique, findings, possibilities, and limitations of contrast-enhanced US in the evaluation of active abdominal bleeding.

KW - Blunt abdominal trauma, sonography

KW - Hemorrhage, contrast extravasation

KW - Nontraumatic abdominal emergencies, sonography

KW - Sonography, contrast media

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=30544442037&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=30544442037&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s00261-005-0369-6

DO - 10.1007/s00261-005-0369-6

M3 - Article

VL - 31

SP - 9

EP - 16

JO - Abdominal Imaging

JF - Abdominal Imaging

SN - 0942-8925

IS - 1

ER -