Arterial and renal venous active and inactive renin were studied in 5 patients with long established moderate hypertension following unilateral acute reductions of renal perfusion pressure (15% and 70% of control) by inflating a balloon catheter introduced into the right renal artery. This procedure failed to induce the expected release of active renin; total and inactive renin levels were also unchanged. on the contrary in a single normotensive patient smaller reductions of the renal perfusion pressure (-15% and -30% were able to acutely increase the release of active renin with a concurrent conversion of inactive renin but without inducing blood pressure changes. These findings show that the renin pattern typical of unilateral renovascular hypertension, including the intrarenal activation of inactive renin, could be reproduced acutely in a normotensive subject. Moreover, a complete reversal of the above mentioned active and inactive renin pattern was observed in a recent onset renovascular hypertensive patient within 30 min from successful percutaneous trans-luminal dilation. The negative results observed in our hypertensive patients suggest that structural changes induced by the long duration of hypertension might have reduced the sensitivity of the baroceptors involved in renin release.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Internal Medicine