The effects of maternal active and passive smoking during pregnancy on childhood central nervous system (CNS) tumours were assessed in a population-based case-control study. The mothers of 244 children aged 0-15 years with CNS tumours and 502 control mothers were interviewed about their smoking habits. All families were resident in the region of Lombardy, Italy. Risk estimates were calculated by unconditional. logistic regression, adjusted for age, sex and area of residence. Active smoking by the parents before pregnancy was not associated with increased risk of CNS tumours in the children. Active smoking by the mother during early pregnancy (approximately the first 5 weeks) was associated with a slightly increased risk of the child developing a CNS tumour (odds ratio [OR] 1.5 [95% CI 1.0, 2.3]). An increased risk of CNS tumours was found in the children of non-smoking mothers exposed regularly to tobacco smoke both in early pregnancy (OR 1.8 [95% CI 1.2, 2.6]) and in late pregnancy (OR 1.7 [95% CI 1.2, 2.5]). Although this study was retrospective, the results confirm our previous findings and suggest an association between the risk of developing CNS tumours in children and regular passive smoking by the mother during pregnancy.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health