Active music therapy and parkinson's disease: Methods

Claudio Pacchetti, Roberto Aglieri, Francesca Mancini, Emilia Martignoni, Giuseppe Nappi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Music therapy (MT) is an unconventional, multisensorial therapy poorly assessed in medical care but widely used to different ends in a variety of settings. MT has two branches: active and passive. In active MT the utilisation of instruments is structured to correspond to all sensory organs so as to obtain suitable motor and emotional responses. We conducted a prospective study to evaluate the effects of MT in the neurorehabilitation of patients with Parkinson's Disease (PD), a common degenerative disorder involving movement and emotional impairment. Sixteen PD patients took part in 13 weekly sessions of MT each lasting 2 hours. At the beginning and at the end of the session, every 2 weeks, the patients were evaluated by a neurologist, who assessed PD severity with UPDRS, emotional functions with Happiness Measures (HM) and quality of life using the Parkinson's Disease Quality of Life Questionnaire (PDQL). After every session a significant improvement in motor function, particularly in relation to hypokinesia, was observed both in the overall and in the pre-post session evaluations. HM, UPDRS-ADL and PDQL changes confirmed an improving effect of MT on emotional functions, activities of daily living and quality of life. In conclusion, active MT, operating at a multisensorial level, stimulates motor, affective and behavioural functions. Finally, we propose active MT as new method to include in PD rehabilitation programmes. This article describes the methods adopted during MT sessions with PD patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)57-67
Number of pages11
JournalFunctional Neurology
Volume13
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1998

Fingerprint

Music Therapy
Parkinson Disease
Quality of Life
Happiness
Activities of Daily Living
Hypokinesia
Movement Disorders
Rehabilitation
Prospective Studies

Keywords

  • Music therapy
  • Neurorehabilitation
  • Parkinson's disease

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neuroscience(all)

Cite this

Pacchetti, C., Aglieri, R., Mancini, F., Martignoni, E., & Nappi, G. (1998). Active music therapy and parkinson's disease: Methods. Functional Neurology, 13(1), 57-67.

Active music therapy and parkinson's disease : Methods. / Pacchetti, Claudio; Aglieri, Roberto; Mancini, Francesca; Martignoni, Emilia; Nappi, Giuseppe.

In: Functional Neurology, Vol. 13, No. 1, 1998, p. 57-67.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Pacchetti, C, Aglieri, R, Mancini, F, Martignoni, E & Nappi, G 1998, 'Active music therapy and parkinson's disease: Methods', Functional Neurology, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 57-67.
Pacchetti C, Aglieri R, Mancini F, Martignoni E, Nappi G. Active music therapy and parkinson's disease: Methods. Functional Neurology. 1998;13(1):57-67.
Pacchetti, Claudio ; Aglieri, Roberto ; Mancini, Francesca ; Martignoni, Emilia ; Nappi, Giuseppe. / Active music therapy and parkinson's disease : Methods. In: Functional Neurology. 1998 ; Vol. 13, No. 1. pp. 57-67.
@article{b065b7f4e4f9474a8d550f6294551f1e,
title = "Active music therapy and parkinson's disease: Methods",
abstract = "Music therapy (MT) is an unconventional, multisensorial therapy poorly assessed in medical care but widely used to different ends in a variety of settings. MT has two branches: active and passive. In active MT the utilisation of instruments is structured to correspond to all sensory organs so as to obtain suitable motor and emotional responses. We conducted a prospective study to evaluate the effects of MT in the neurorehabilitation of patients with Parkinson's Disease (PD), a common degenerative disorder involving movement and emotional impairment. Sixteen PD patients took part in 13 weekly sessions of MT each lasting 2 hours. At the beginning and at the end of the session, every 2 weeks, the patients were evaluated by a neurologist, who assessed PD severity with UPDRS, emotional functions with Happiness Measures (HM) and quality of life using the Parkinson's Disease Quality of Life Questionnaire (PDQL). After every session a significant improvement in motor function, particularly in relation to hypokinesia, was observed both in the overall and in the pre-post session evaluations. HM, UPDRS-ADL and PDQL changes confirmed an improving effect of MT on emotional functions, activities of daily living and quality of life. In conclusion, active MT, operating at a multisensorial level, stimulates motor, affective and behavioural functions. Finally, we propose active MT as new method to include in PD rehabilitation programmes. This article describes the methods adopted during MT sessions with PD patients.",
keywords = "Music therapy, Neurorehabilitation, Parkinson's disease",
author = "Claudio Pacchetti and Roberto Aglieri and Francesca Mancini and Emilia Martignoni and Giuseppe Nappi",
year = "1998",
language = "English",
volume = "13",
pages = "57--67",
journal = "Functional Neurology",
issn = "0393-5264",
publisher = "CIC Edizioni Internazionali s.r.l.",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Active music therapy and parkinson's disease

T2 - Methods

AU - Pacchetti, Claudio

AU - Aglieri, Roberto

AU - Mancini, Francesca

AU - Martignoni, Emilia

AU - Nappi, Giuseppe

PY - 1998

Y1 - 1998

N2 - Music therapy (MT) is an unconventional, multisensorial therapy poorly assessed in medical care but widely used to different ends in a variety of settings. MT has two branches: active and passive. In active MT the utilisation of instruments is structured to correspond to all sensory organs so as to obtain suitable motor and emotional responses. We conducted a prospective study to evaluate the effects of MT in the neurorehabilitation of patients with Parkinson's Disease (PD), a common degenerative disorder involving movement and emotional impairment. Sixteen PD patients took part in 13 weekly sessions of MT each lasting 2 hours. At the beginning and at the end of the session, every 2 weeks, the patients were evaluated by a neurologist, who assessed PD severity with UPDRS, emotional functions with Happiness Measures (HM) and quality of life using the Parkinson's Disease Quality of Life Questionnaire (PDQL). After every session a significant improvement in motor function, particularly in relation to hypokinesia, was observed both in the overall and in the pre-post session evaluations. HM, UPDRS-ADL and PDQL changes confirmed an improving effect of MT on emotional functions, activities of daily living and quality of life. In conclusion, active MT, operating at a multisensorial level, stimulates motor, affective and behavioural functions. Finally, we propose active MT as new method to include in PD rehabilitation programmes. This article describes the methods adopted during MT sessions with PD patients.

AB - Music therapy (MT) is an unconventional, multisensorial therapy poorly assessed in medical care but widely used to different ends in a variety of settings. MT has two branches: active and passive. In active MT the utilisation of instruments is structured to correspond to all sensory organs so as to obtain suitable motor and emotional responses. We conducted a prospective study to evaluate the effects of MT in the neurorehabilitation of patients with Parkinson's Disease (PD), a common degenerative disorder involving movement and emotional impairment. Sixteen PD patients took part in 13 weekly sessions of MT each lasting 2 hours. At the beginning and at the end of the session, every 2 weeks, the patients were evaluated by a neurologist, who assessed PD severity with UPDRS, emotional functions with Happiness Measures (HM) and quality of life using the Parkinson's Disease Quality of Life Questionnaire (PDQL). After every session a significant improvement in motor function, particularly in relation to hypokinesia, was observed both in the overall and in the pre-post session evaluations. HM, UPDRS-ADL and PDQL changes confirmed an improving effect of MT on emotional functions, activities of daily living and quality of life. In conclusion, active MT, operating at a multisensorial level, stimulates motor, affective and behavioural functions. Finally, we propose active MT as new method to include in PD rehabilitation programmes. This article describes the methods adopted during MT sessions with PD patients.

KW - Music therapy

KW - Neurorehabilitation

KW - Parkinson's disease

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0031901689&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0031901689&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 9584875

AN - SCOPUS:0031901689

VL - 13

SP - 57

EP - 67

JO - Functional Neurology

JF - Functional Neurology

SN - 0393-5264

IS - 1

ER -